Reducing Your Risk of Prostate Cancer
Although many risk factors for prostate cancer (both genetic and environmental) have been identified, there is not strong enough evidence to make conclusive recommendations about prostate cancer prevention. However, we do understand the major factors that cause prostate cancer (age, race, family history and where you live). Although most of these factors are impossible or difficult to change, there are steps men can take to reduce their risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Exercise Regularly – Aim for 150 minutes of exercise a week. If you don’t currently exercise, make an appointment with your doctor to make a physical activity plan that is best suited for you!
- Eat Nutritiously – Choose a low-fat diet and increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. Aim to fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, a quarter of your plate with protein foods, and a quarter with whole grains.
- Avoid Smoking and Drink in Moderation – Reducing or quitting smoking and drinking can improve your health and wellbeing in many ways. Make a quit plan here!
- Stay on Top of Your Health – Seek treatment for high blood pressure, stress, high cholesterol, depression or diabetes. Staying on top of your health can reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer and/or increase your chances of finding the disease early on.
- Talk to Your Doctor – If you are a male and over the age of 45, discuss screening risks/benefits with your doctor. If you are at an increased risk of developing prostate cancer, there may be medication options that reduce your risk.
- Understand the Myths vs. Facts – One common myth about prostate cancer is that it only affects elderly men. Although it is rare for men under the age of 40 to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, it is possible. It is important to remember that age is not the only factor. Family history and race also play a role in your chances of developing prostate cancer.
Are you looking for resources during COVID-19?
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Prostate Cancer Prevention. (n.d.). Prostate Cancer Foundation. Retrieved January 2, 2021, from https://www.prostatecancerfoundation.org/patient-resources/family-cancer-risk/prostate-cancer-prevention/